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Median Literature

No written works have been found in the Median language and it is not known as to whether this language had ever been written down. However, references have been made to the stories, tales, and poems of the Median period in the writings of Greek historians like Thucydides and Herodotus. For instance, reference can be made to the unsuccessful love-story between Stryangaious and Zarina, the Sakan queen, as well as the story of “Zariadres and Odatis” that can be found in numerous sources and according to Polybius were of Median origin that later on appeared in the form of the story of Gashtasp and Katāyun in Ferdowsi’s “Shāhnāmeh”. The other Median literary works to which reference can be made are the Median epics that resulted in the establishment of the Median Empire and have been narrated in the works of Thucydides.

* source: Zarshenas , Zohreh " Iran Entry " The Great Islamic Encyclopedia . Ed. Kazem Musavi Bojnourdi.Tehran: The Center of Great Islamic Encyclopaedia , 1989-, V.10 , pp.557

 

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