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The Brahui Language

This language is the only one belonging to the North-Eastern branch of the great family of Dravidian languages, the speakers of which are mainly concentrated in the central, eastern, and southern parts of India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, and the Maldives. The original precedent of this language had separated from the main body of the Dravidian languages around 4000 BC and presently Brahui is the only Dravidian language that is mainly spoken outside India. The main center of this language is Baluchestan of Pakistan, but there are some people living in northern India, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, and Iran who also use this language. Brahui-speaking Iranians live in the Lutak, Hosaynābād, and Seh Kuheh villages on the outskirts of the Mt. Khwājeh in Sistān as well as around the Khāsh city in Baluchestan. A number of them are also spread in the Khorāsān (especially Sarakhs) and Golestān (especially Gonbad Qābus) provinces. Some people have mistakenly considered Brahui as a branch of Kurdish language.

Like the other Dravidian languages, Brahui too, possesses an agglutinative structure, lacks grammatical concepts, and its verbs are generally situated at the end of the sentence while its most outstanding feature is that the verb is made negative by negative particles used in the middle of the verb. Only about fifteen percent of the Brahui terms are original Dravidian words and most of them have infiltrated into it from the Baluchi language. Moreover, some Hindi, Fārsi, and Arabic words have also found their way into this language, either directly or through the Baluchi language.

The Brahui language does not possess any particular script and the Arabic script is used for writing its popular literature.

* source: Rezaie Baghbidi , Hasan " Iran Entry " The Great Islamic Encyclopedia . Ed. Kazem Musavi Bojnourdi.Tehran: The Center of Great Islamic Encyclopaedia , 1989-, V.10 , pp.556

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