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Oman

The introduction of Islam among the people of Oman is attributed to the efforts of Mazin b. Ghazubah, the guardian of the temple of a certain idol, who came to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) with a limited understanding of Islam, which led to his eventual conversion. There, however, is another historical account according to which in 8 AH the Holy Prophet (PBUH), during his widespread campaign of inviting the rulers of the region to Islam, dispatched `Amr b. `As to meet with Jayfar and `Ayadh, the sons of Jalandi, who had inherited the throne of Oman. They responded positively to the call of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and took advantage of their position to spread the message of Islam through the representatives they sent to the inhabitants of the regions of Mahrah, Shar and Diba. In the period in which the Holy Prophet (PBUH) continued to receive a wave of representatives from various tribes intent on offering their allegiance to him, the people of Oman also sent two delegations headed by Asad b. Yabrah, Tahi Azudi and, later, Salmah b. `Ayadh Azudi, who announced to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) the intention of their people to embrace the new religion, in response to which the renowned Companion `Ala’ b. Hadrami was sent back along with them to educate them with regard to the principles and shari`ah of Islam. 

In spite of the enthusiastic reception of Islam by the population of Oman, during the wave of insurrections (riddah) which broke out immediately after the death of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), the region witnessed episodes of unrest, an instance of which was the uprising by a certain Laqit b. Malik Azudi who advanced claims of prophecy and who managed to gain a following. Jayfar and `Ayadh asked for assistance from Abu Bakr who sent Hudhayfah b. Muhsan Ghalfani and `Akramah from Yamamah. The uprising was finally put to rest with the assistance of the Muslim population of Oman. As regards the general orientation of Omani Muslims, their Islam soon assumed sectarian directions which were shaped by the cultural influence from Basra. Kharijite ideas, especially those of the Abadi sect, struck deep roots in the region and eventually came to cultural and political ascendance.

 source: Hajmanoochehri , Faramarz "Islam Entry" The Great Islamic Encyclopedia. Ed. Kazem Musavi Bojnourdi.Tehran: The Center of Great Islamic Encyclopaedia , 1989-, V.8 , pp.502 - 503

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